The Remarkable Story of Candi Borobudur: A Testament to Indonesia’s Rich Cultural Heritage

The Remarkable Story of Candi Borobudur: A Testament to Indonesia’s Rich Cultural Heritage

Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends! Indonesia is a beautiful country with a rich cultural heritage. One of the most remarkable cultural attractions in Indonesia is Candi Borobudur, a Buddhist temple located in Central Java, which has attracted millions of visitors worldwide. In this article, we will explore the history and significance of Candi Borobudur, and why it is considered one of Indonesia’s most important cultural landmarks.

The History of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur was built in the 9th century, during the reign of the Syailendra dynasty in Central Java. The temple was constructed as a monument of Mahayana Buddhism, the dominant religion in Indonesia at the time. The temple was abandoned and forgotten after the decline of the Syailendra dynasty in the 14th century and was covered by volcanic ash for centuries.

It was rediscovered by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles in 1814, during the British colonial era in Indonesia, and was later restored by the Indonesian government in the 20th century. Today, Candi Borobudur remains an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists and a popular tourist attraction for visitors from around the world.

The Architecture and Design of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the world, with a height of 42 meters and a width of 123 meters. The temple is constructed in the form of a mandala, a Buddhist symbol of the universe. It is composed of nine stacked platforms, with the top platform forming a central dome adorned with 72 Buddha statues.

The temple is decorated with over 2,600 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues, all carved from volcanic stone. The relief panels depict scenes from the life of Buddha and his teachings, as well as scenes from daily life in 9th century Java.

The Significance of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is not only a remarkable architectural masterpiece but also a testament to Indonesia’s rich cultural heritage. The temple represents the fusion of indigenous Javanese art and Buddhist symbolism, reflecting the diverse cultural influences that have shaped Indonesia.

The temple also serves as a reminder of Indonesia’s religious diversity, with significant Buddhist and Hindu populations. It is a symbol of tolerance and coexistence in a country where religious issues can be controversial.

Visiting Candi Borobudur

Visiting Candi Borobudur is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that should not be missed. To fully appreciate the temple’s beauty and significance, it’s recommended to visit in the early morning or late afternoon when the light is best.

Visitors can also take a guided tour to learn more about the history and symbolism of the temple. Additionally, there are several other temples and cultural sites in the surrounding area, including Candi Mendut and Candi Pawon, that are worth exploring.


In conclusion, Candi Borobudur is one of Indonesia’s most remarkable cultural landmarks, a symbol of the country’s rich cultural heritage and religious diversity. Visiting Candi Borobudur is not only a chance to witness a magnificent architectural masterpiece but also an opportunity to learn about the cultural and religious history of Indonesia. If you’re planning a trip to Indonesia, Candi Borobudur is a must-see destination that you won’t regret visiting.

Goodbye, and we hope to see you with another interesting article soon!

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