The Magnificent Story of Candi Prambanan: A Majestic Temple of Ancient Java

The Magnificent Story of Candi Prambanan: A Majestic Temple of Ancient Java

Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends, have you ever heard of Candi Prambanan? It’s one of the most magnificent temples in Indonesia, situated in Central Java, precisely in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta. It’s an impressive temple with a rich history dating back to ancient Java. In this article, we will discover the magnificent story of Candi Prambanan.

History of Candi Prambanan

Candi Prambanan is a complex of massive Hindu temples constructed during the glorious period of the ancient Mataram Kingdom that reigned over Java for more than four centuries in the 8th to 11th centuries. The construction of Candi Prambanan started during the reign of Rakai Pikatan, one of the prominent kings of the Mataram Dynasty, and completed during the reign of Dyah Lokapala’s successor, Balitung Maha Sambu. It was an impressive symbol of the Hindu religion’s triumph at the time.

The temple gained global recognition in the 19th century when a British team of researchers found it in ruins. The restoration started in 1918, and since then, many experts from all around the world have lent their expertise to the temple’s restoration and preservation.

The Architecture of Candi Prambanan

Candi Prambanan is a representation of an ancient Hindu cosmology. It was designed to signify the sacred Meru mountain, which is believed to be the axis of the Hindu universe. The temples’ magnificent architecture includes three main shrines, and those shrines are dedicated to the three most prominent Hindu deities: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.

The temple is constructed on a raised square platform with several courtyards, which were used for worshipping and entertainment during the reign of the Mataram Kingdom. The temple’s structure is decorated with intricate carvings of mythical creatures like the Kala head, the demon king, and the Garuda bird. Visitors marvel at the temple’s towering spires, which reach up to 47 meters high.

The Legend of Candi Prambanan

There is a romantic legend that surrounds the history of Candi Prambanan. It tells the story of Princess Roro Jonggrang, the daughter of King Boko, who was sought after by a powerful demon named Bandung Bondowoso. To escape marriage with Bandung Bondowoso, the princess challenged the demon to construct 1000 temples before dawn. The princess thought that it would be impossible, but the demon was almost done before the rooster crowed. In desperation, the princess prayed for help to the gods, and as dawn broke, the gods sent a flock of birds to create the illusion of the rising sun to trick Bandung Bondowoso’s workers. The work was abandoned, and the princess was saved. The legend continues that the remaining 999 temples then formed Candi Prambanan.

Visiting Candi Prambanan

Visiting Candi Prambanan is an extraordinary experience, and it’s highly recommended that you wear comfortable shoes and clothes when visiting. The temple is open daily from 6 am to 6 pm, and the best time to visit is early in the morning when the air is cool, and the temples are not yet busy with tourists.

There are specific areas within the temple that are off-limits, and it’s crucial to follow the rules to ensure that the temple remains in good condition for future generations. Visitors are also encouraged to read up on the temple’s rich history before visiting, as it will enhance your visitation experience.

Candi Prambanan’s Cultural Significance

Candi Prambanan is one of Indonesia’s most significant cultural sites, and in 1991, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The temple is not only a magnificent example of Hindu architecture and culture, but it also represents Indonesia’s historical and religious diversity. Visitors can learn about different aspects of the country’s culture, including its art, religion, and history.


In conclusion, Candi Prambanan is a majestic temple that’s steeped in history and culture. It’s a symbol of Indonesia’s religious, cultural, and artistic diversity and a place to marvel at the intricate designs and carvings of the ancient period. When you visit this temple, you step back in time and get a glimpse into a world that existed over a thousand years ago. If you’re in Indonesia, make sure you don’t miss the chance to visit this magnificent temple.

Goodbye to another interesting article!

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