The Magnificent Candi Prambanan: A Tale of Javanese Royalty and Hindu Mythology
Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends! Today, we’re taking a virtual tour of the magnificent Candi Prambanan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This Hindu temple compound is considered one of the most beautiful ancient structures in Southeast Asia, boasting a history of more than a thousand years. In this article, we’ll dive into the rich history of Candi Prambanan and explore the legends and myths that surround it.
History and Architecture
Candi Prambanan was built in the 9th century by the Sanjaya dynasty, a Javanese Hindu dynasty that ruled Central Java from 732 to 1006 CE. The temple complex comprises 240 temples, the main ones being three towering shrines dedicated to the Hindu deities Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu. These three shrines, also called “Trimurti,” are accompanied by smaller temples and statues scattered around a large courtyard.
The complex was damaged by an earthquake in the 16th century and was left abandoned until the Dutch colonial government initiated restoration efforts in the 20th century. Today, visitors can witness the beautiful stone carvings and intricate decorations on the temples, testament to the skill of the ancient Javanese artisans.
Javanese Mythology and Legends
The temple’s rich history is intertwined with the legends of Javanese royalty and Hindu mythology. One legend tells the story of Roro Jonggrang, a princess who was cursed by Bandung Bondowoso, a powerful sorcerer, to become the last statue in a set of 1,000 statues that he had ordered to be built overnight. The curse was fulfilled, and Roro Jonggrang became the last statue in the nearby Prambanan temple. Visitors can still see the statue and marvel at the tale that surrounds it.
Another legend claims that the temple was built by a young prince named Bandung Bondowoso to win the heart of princess Roro Jonggrang, who demanded that he build one thousand temples in one night. Using his supernatural powers, he almost completed the task, but when the princess realized that he was close to finishing the last temple, she ordered her maidens to start a fire and light up the morning sky. Mistaking the fire for the dawn, Bandung Bondowoso stopped his work and failed to fulfill his promise.
Visiting the Temple
Visitors to Candi Prambanan can witness the grandeur of the temples up close, walk through the courtyards, and explore the surrounding museum that features exhibits on the temple’s history and culture. Guided tours are also available to provide deeper insights into the architecture and mythological tales surrounding the temple. The temple complex can get crowded, so it’s best to plan your visit in the early morning or late afternoon to avoid the heat and crowds.
The Magnificent Candi Prambanan is not only a significant religious site but also a marvel of ancient architecture and design. Its legacy is kept alive through the stories and legends of Javanese royalty and Hindu mythology, adding a touch of magic to the stunning temple complex. If you’re planning a visit to Indonesia, Candi Prambanan is a must-see destination that’s sure to leave a lasting impression on your mind and soul.
Thank you for reading this article, and we hope to see you soon for another exciting adventure!