The Enchanting Story of Borobudur: How An Ancient Temple Captivates The World
Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends, have you ever heard of Borobudur? This ancient temple, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is located on the island of Java, Indonesia. Its fascinating story has captivated people from around the world for centuries. Let’s take a closer look at the enchanting story of Borobudur and its place in history.
The History of Borobudur
Borobudur was built in the 9th century during the reign of the Syailendra dynasty in central Java. Its construction took approximately 75 years to complete and was led by Gunadharma, a Buddhist architect from the Gupta Empire in India. The temple was built in the shape of a mandala, representing the universe in Buddhist cosmology, and is adorned with intricate carvings depicting Buddhist teachings and stories.
For centuries, Borobudur was abandoned and covered by jungle growth, until discovered by Sir Thomas Raffles, a British administrator in the early 19th century. The temple was restored in the early 20th century and has since become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Symbolism of Borobudur
Borobudur is a masterpiece of Buddhist art and architecture, and its symbolism contains many layers of meaning. The temple is divided into three levels, representing the three realms of the Buddhist universe: the realm of desire, the realm of form, and the realm of formlessness. The lower levels depict the world of desire, with scenes of everyday life, while the upper levels represent the world of form and formlessness.
The temple’s structure also symbolizes the path to enlightenment in Buddhist teachings. The journey begins at the base of the temple, representing ignorance and the beginning of human life. As the pilgrim climbs the temple’s structure, they must face the challenges of the world of desire until they reach the top, representing enlightenment and freedom from suffering.
The Beauty of Borobudur
Borobudur’s beauty lies not only in its intricate carvings and symbolism but in its stunning surroundings. The temple is located on a lush hill overlooking the surrounding rice fields and mountains, making it an ideal spot for meditation and contemplation. Visitors can witness the breathtaking sunrise over the temple and the surrounding landscape, making it a popular destination for photographers and nature lovers.
The Significance of Borobudur Today
Borobudur remains an important site for Buddhism and a symbol of Indonesia’s rich cultural heritage. It has also become a popular destination for tourists from around the world, attracting over 2 million visitors annually. The temple’s preservation and restoration are ongoing efforts, ensuring that Borobudur remains a treasured site for generations to come.
Borobudur’s enchanting story has captivated people for centuries, from its construction in the 9th century to its restoration in the 20th century. Its intricate carvings and symbolic meaning continue to awe visitors from around the world, making it an important site for Buddhism and Indonesian culture. Visiting Borobudur is a must-do for travelers seeking a glimpse into the rich history and beauty of Indonesia.
Thank you for reading and until next time, goodbye!