The Artistry and Architecture of Candi Borobudur: A Symbol of Buddhist Learning and Enlightenment

The Artistry and Architecture of Candi Borobudur: A Symbol of Buddhist Learning and Enlightenment

Hello PikiranMedia’s friends! In this article, we’ll dive into the history and significance of Candi Borobudur, one of the most iconic Buddhist temples in Indonesia. Located in Central Java, Candi Borobudur represents the epitome of Buddhist art and architecture. It is a true testament to the rich cultural heritage of Indonesia, and a must-visit destination for adventurers and spiritual seekers alike. Let’s explore more about Candi Borobudur below.

The History of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur was built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra dynasty. It is believed to have been built as a symbol of Buddhist learning and enlightenment. The name Candi Borobudur is derived from the words “Boro” which means “great” and “Budur” which means “temple”. It is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991.

The Architecture of Candi Borobudur

The temple was built in the shape of a mandala, a symbol of the Buddhist universe. The structure consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms with a central dome at the top. The temple is adorned with over 2,600 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The carvings on the temple walls depict Buddhist teachings and stories, as well as the daily life of ancient Javanese people. The temple is currently undergoing restoration to preserve its beauty for future generations.

The Significance of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is not just a temple, but a journey of spiritual self-discovery. The temple’s architecture, carvings, and sculptures are designed to guide visitors through the stages of enlightenment and to reflect on the path of life according to Buddhist teachings. The temple is divided into three zones that represent the three realms of Buddhist cosmology: Kamadhatu (the world of desires), Rupadhatu (the world of forms), and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness).

The temple is also a symbol of Indonesia’s cultural heritage and diversity. It is a testament to the country’s ability to embrace and respect various religious beliefs, and unite them for the greater good. It is a place where people from all walks of life come together to appreciate art, architecture, and spirituality in one magnificent site.

Candi Borobudur Today

Candi Borobudur is still an active temple to this day, with regular prayers and offerings. It is also a popular tourist attraction, with more than two million visitors per year. Visitors come from all over the world to experience the tranquility and serenity of this iconic monument. If you plan to visit Indonesia, don’t miss the chance to see Candi Borobudur!


In conclusion, Candi Borobudur is more than just a temple – it is a symbol of Indonesia’s rich cultural heritage, and a beacon of spiritual enlightenment. Its artistry, architecture, and history represent the epitome of Buddhist learning and enlightenment, and a must-visit for adventurers and spiritual seekers. We hope you enjoyed learning about Candi Borobudur in this article, and inspire you to visit this incredible site. Until next time!

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