From the Ancient Kingdoms to the Modern World: The Legacy of Candi Borobudur Lives On

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Today we will explore the magnificent monument of Candi Borobudur, located in Central Java, Indonesia. From the ancient kingdoms to the modern world, the legacy of Candi Borobudur lives on. It is one of the greatest religious monuments built during the 8th-9th century by the Sailendra dynasty.

The Architecture of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is an exceptional temple, built with a symmetrical structure of nine stacked platforms. Each platform is divided into a central dome and 72 stupas surrounding it. The dome represents the final destination of the Buddhist’s journey – Enlightenment. Furthermore, the stupas conveys the Buddha’s teachings in a physical form.

The History of Candi Borobudur

The temple complex was abandoned in the 14th century due to the eruption of Mount Merapi, and it was largely forgotten for centuries. It wasn’t until the 19th century that British ruler Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles rediscovered the temple complex. In 1973, UNESCO declared Candi Borobudur as a World Heritage Site.

The Symbolism of Candi Borobudur

At the base of the monument, the walls are adorned with bas-reliefs that tells the story of the Buddha’s life and teachings. The depictions of the wall are divided into three tiers: Karmawibhangga, Rupadhatu, and Arupadhatu. The lower base represents the everyday human world, while the top of the dome represents pure consciousness or Nirvana.

The Legacy of Candi Borobudur Lives On

Despite having been around for centuries, Candi Borobudur still retains its religious function. Every year, Buddhists from all over Indonesia and beyond visit the temple complex to celebrate Vesak day. Additionally, the temple complex has become one of the most significant tourist destinations in Indonesia.

The Importance of Preservation

Candi Borobudur has endured its fair share of challenges. It has undergone numerous restoration works throughout the centuries to retain its grandeur. However, due to environmental damage, UNESCO has deemed the temple complex as an endangered World Heritage Site.

The Mysteries of Candi Borobudur

Even though Candi Borobudur has been around for many centuries, there is still a lot we don’t know about this magnificent temple complex. One of the mysteries that still baffles historians is how the ancient inhabitants managed to move the enormous rocks used in the construction of the temple complex.

The Influence of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur has become more than just a religious monument. Over the years, it has also become a symbol of Indonesian culture and identity. Furthermore, it has influenced various artistic forms such as literature, painting, and music.

Candi Borobudur and Technology

The world is advancing rapidly in technology, and Candi Borobudur is no exception. In recent years, the government has employed 3D scanning technology to create a digital archive of the temple complex. This technology has played a significant role in preserving and showcasing the temple complex to a global audience.

The Future of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is a testament to the skill and genius of ancient architects and builders. It has stood for centuries and has become an essential part of Indonesian culture and heritage. The Government of Indonesia has shown its commitment to preserving this essential monument for future generations to witness and explore.


In conclusion, Candi Borobudur is a magnificent temple complex that has stood the test of time. From ancient kingdoms to the modern world, its influence on Indonesian culture and heritage is unquestionable. The legacy of Candi Borobudur lives on, and it continues to be a source of inspiration for many. As we celebrate Vesak day and other festivities, let us appreciate and cherish the importance of preserving this icon for the generations to come.

Goodbye PikiranMedia’s Friends, Until we meet again in another exciting article.

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