Candi Borobudur: The Ancient Marvel of Java


Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends,

Have you ever wondered about the ancient marvels in the world? If you’re a history enthusiast, then you might have heard about the Candi Borobudur, an ancient monument situated in the central part of Java. It is also known as the world’s largest Buddhist temple and got recognized as UNESCO World Heritage.

What is Candi Borobudur?

Candi Borobudur is a 9th-century Buddhist temple that was built during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty in central Java, Indonesia. The temple has 72 stupas and features relief panels that narrate various stories of Buddha’s life. It is a three-dimensional depiction of the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana.

History of Candi Borobudur

The history of Candi Borobudur can be traced back to the 8th century when the Sailendra Dynasty ruled central Java. The founder of the temple remains unknown, but history suggests that its construction started in the 9th century and took approximately 75 years to get completed.

In the 10th century, the power shifted to East Java, and the temple was abandoned for unknown reasons. It was concealed under layers of soil and volcanic ash for many years until it got rediscovered in the 19th century.

Architecture of Candi Borobudur

The Borobudur temple’s architecture is a masterpiece of Buddhist art and symbolizes the Buddhist cosmology brilliantly. The layout of the temple follows a mandala, with the main stupa located at the summit of a pyramid-shaped structure.

The temple is surrounded by three circular platforms, adorned with 72 bell-shaped stupas that house a statue of Buddha. It features eight terraces of ascending size, and the walls of these platforms are decorated with reliefs that portray various stories from Buddha’s life.

Significance of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is a significant Buddhist monument that represents fundamental Buddhist philosophy, including karma, rebirth, and the attainment of Nirvana. Besides, the temple’s architectural and artistic elements are remarkable and worth appreciating.

Furthermore, Candi Borobudur is considered an important symbol of Indonesia’s cultural heritage and has become one of the country’s biggest tourist attractions.

Visiting Candi Borobudur

If you’re planning to Visit Candi Borobudur, it is recommended to visit early in the morning to avoid the crowd and enjoy breathtaking sunrise views.

Remember to dress modestly and respectfully as it is a religious site. The entrance fee is around Rp 500.000 (approximately USD 35) during regular hours and Rp 700.000 (approximately USD 49) for sunrise visit.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Candi Borobudur is an ancient marvel that has stood the test of time, and it’s worth visiting for its beauty, history, and significance. It represents an important piece of Buddhist philosophy and attracts tourists from all over the world.

So, if you’re ever in central Java, don’t forget to make a stop at Candi Borobudur.

Goodbye, until we meet again with another interesting article!

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