Candi Borobudur: A Masterpiece of Buddhist Architecture and Indonesian Craftsmanship
Hello, PikiranMedia’s Friends! Welcome to our article about Candi Borobudur, one of the most beautiful monuments in Indonesia. In this article, we will explore the history, art, and culture surrounding this remarkable masterpiece of Buddhist architecture.
The History of Candi Borobudur
Candi Borobudur was built in the 8th century by the Sailendra dynasty in the Magelang region of Central Java, Indonesia. The temple was constructed with 2 million cubic feet of stone, and it took approximately 75 years to complete. The temple is designed in the shape of a mandala, with three tiers of concentric squares.
For centuries, Candi Borobudur was lost and abandoned, hidden away by the jungles of Central Java. It was rediscovered in the early 19th century by the British colonial ruler, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. Due to the help of the Dutch government and UNESCO, the temple was restored to its original condition, and it has been open to visitors ever since.
The Art and Architecture of Candi Borobudur
Candi Borobudur is an architectural masterpiece, blending the Buddhist and Javanese styles. The temple features 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues, each one exquisitely crafted by skilled Indonesian artisans. The reliefs depict scenes from the life and teachings of the Buddha, as well as various aspects of Javanese life and culture during the Sailendra dynasty.
The temple is divided into three levels, each one symbolising a different aspect of Buddhist philosophy. The first level represents the worldly realm, with relief panels depicting everyday life in Javanese society. The second level represents the transition from the worldly realm to the spiritual realm, and the third level represents the attainment of Nirvana.
The Significance of Candi Borobudur
Candi Borobudur is not just a masterpiece of architecture and art, but it also holds significant cultural and religious importance. The temple is considered to be a symbol of the Buddhist faith and a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of ancient Javanese artists and architects.
Every year, thousands of visitors from all over the world come to Candi Borobudur to witness its beauty and to learn about Indonesian culture and history. The temple has even been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognising its cultural and historical significance to the world.
Overall, Candi Borobudur is an extraordinary monument that showcases the talent and creativity of Indonesian craftsmen and artists. This temple is a testament to the great achievements of ancient Javanese civilisation and an icon of Buddhist philosophy and culture. We hope you have enjoyed learning about Candi Borobudur, and we encourage you to visit this remarkable landmark in person.
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