An Artistic Masterpiece: The Intricate Carvings of Candi Borobudur

An Artistic Masterpiece: The Intricate Carvings of Candi Borobudur

Hello there, PikiranMedia’s Friends! Today, we’re going to talk about an extremely fascinating topic that has been captivating art enthusiasts worldwide. Candi Borobudur, also known as Borobudur Temple, is an exquisite masterpiece of ancient art.

This breathtaking temple is located in Central Java, Indonesia, and was constructed during the 8th and 9th centuries. The temple’s intriguing designs, carvings, and structures have made it one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in Indonesia. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is undoubtedly one of the most iconic landmarks of Indonesia.

The History of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is a Buddhist temple dating back over 1,200 years ago, built by the Sailendra Dynasty. Its name is derived from the words “Boro” meaning “great” and “Budur” meaning “mountain,” symbolizing the spiritual journey from the earth to heaven.

For some reason, the temple was abandoned in the 14th century, and its existence was forgotten until the early 19th century. During the Dutch colonial period, the temple was rediscovered by the then British Raffles, who took on the impressive task of restoring the lost temple.

The Intricate Carvings of Candi Borobudur

While the temple’s overall design is remarkable, it is the intricate carvings that adorn the walls and ceilings that make Candi Borobudur genuinely unique.

The temple comprises nine platforms, each containing a variety of different sculptures and carvings. The bottom two levels have numerous panels that depict Buddhist deities, while the next six levels represent Buddhist cosmology.

The carvings themselves are so detailed, it’s astounding to believe they were constructed centuries ago without the advanced technology of today.

Each carving tells a story or has a symbolic meaning, making it fascinating to see the progression and understanding of Buddhist history in these artworks.

The Significance of the Carvings

The carvings of Candi Borobudur reveal a deep understanding of Buddhist cosmology, with the overall design of the temple depicting the Buddhist path to enlightenment.

The carvings on the lower platforms represent the physical world, while the carvings on the higher platforms represent the spiritual world.

It’s amazing to see how these intricate designs, made centuries ago, flawlessly represent such profound philosophical beliefs.

The Temple’s Restoration

The restoration of Candi Borobudur was a mammoth task that lasted almost 20 years. It’s remarkable how the team managed to reassemble the temple with nothing more than basic tools and techniques of the time.

The temple’s builders used volcanic tuff and river stones as the primary building materials, but various chemicals, fires, and natural weathering took their toll on the temple’s structure.

Thankfully, the restoration efforts were successful, and the temple remains a majestic restoration of the past.

The Fascinating Views from Candi Borobudur

Apart from its impressive carvings and designs, Candi Borobudur boasts magnificent views of the surrounding landscape. From the temple, one can see the beauty of Central Java’s lush natural environment, including the giant Mount Merapi.

Sunrise and sunset are the best times to visit Candi Borobudur, as you can witness the natural phenomenon of the sun rising behind Mount Merapi.

The views from the temple are genuinely breathtaking, as well as the temple itself, making the trip a complete experience.

The Mysteries of Candi Borobudur

Despite being a prominent tourist spot, Candi Borobudur has many mysteries that continue to perplex historians and archeologists alike.

Although there is speculation about its origin and cultural significance, no conclusion has been reached about how precisely this masterpiece was built without modern technology.

While it’s impossible to guess Candi Borobudur’s true purpose, the temple’s importance in Buddhist history is undeniable.

The Importance of Preserving this Wonder of Antiquity

Candi Borobudur is not just a significant cultural spot for Indonesia but the world. UNESCO has declared it a World Heritage Site due to its outstanding cultural significance, and it’s important for structures like these to be preserved for future generations.

However, the temple’s survival is under threat from man-made damages caused by construction and pollution, as well as natural disasters like earthquakes.

It’s crucial to preserve such masterpieces so they can be enjoyed by future generations, and we must do our part to maintain the temple’s magnificence for many years to come.


Candi Borobudur is an awe-inspiring masterpiece of ancient art, telling stories and expressing beliefs beyond words. It’s a must-visit landmark for anyone visiting Indonesia, as the experience of seeing it up close is one of those things one never forgets.

Remember, it’s everyone’s responsibility to preserve such wonders of antiquity. By doing so, we not only protect our cultural heritage but contribute to exploring the mysteries and meaning behind our past.

Goodbye until the next article!

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