A UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Magnificent Monument of Candi Borobudur in Central Java

A UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Magnificent Monument of Candi Borobudur in Central Java

Hello, PikiranMedia’s Friends. Have you ever heard of Candi Borobudur? It is one of the most magnificent monuments located in Central Java, Indonesia. Not only is it a wonder of ancient engineering and skillful craftsmanship, but it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In this article, we will explore the rich history, intricate design, and spiritual significance of Candi Borobudur.

A Brief History of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur was constructed during the 8th and 9th centuries under the rule of the Sailendra dynasty, a ruling family of Java. The monument was commissioned by a king named Samaratungga, who was motivated by his devotion to Buddhism. The construction of Candi Borobudur took over a century to complete, employing thousands of laborers who carried and assembled each stone by hand.

The monument was abandoned and forgotten for centuries until it was rediscovered by British colonial ruler Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles in 1814. In 1973, the Indonesian government began a major restoration project on Candi Borobudur that lasted several years, with the monument finally being re-opened to the public in 1983.

The Architecture and Design of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is a massive pyramid-shaped structure made up of 10 levels, each level representing the stages of Buddhist enlightenment. The bottom six levels comprise a square base while the top three levels feature circular platforms. On the final, topmost level, there is a central dome that is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside perforated stupas. In total, the monument features 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.

The architecture of Candi Borobudur is a testament to the skills and expertise of ancient Javanese builders, who managed to create a massive structure without the use of modern technology. The stones used for the monument were sourced from local rivers and carved with incredible precision. The relief panels on the walls of the monument depict various scenes from the life of Buddha and Javanese society, providing a glimpse into the region’s rich cultural history.

The Spiritual Significance of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur holds immense spiritual significance for Buddhists around the world. It is believed that by walking in a clockwise direction on each level of the monument, one can achieve enlightenment. Each level is designed to represent a different stage in the journey towards enlightenment, with symbols and reliefs depicting the challenges and obstacles that one must overcome to reach a state of Nirvana.

Aside from its spiritual significance, Candi Borobudur is also a symbol of Indonesian national identity and unity. The monument represents the convergence of Javanese, Buddhist, and Indonesian cultures and serves as a reminder of the country’s rich history and diversity.


Candi Borobudur is a testament to the rich cultural history and architectural prowess of Indonesia. Its intricate design and spiritual significance make it a must-visit destination for tourists and Buddhists alike. As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is also an important symbol of Indonesian national identity and serves as a reminder of the country’s diverse cultural heritage. If you ever have the opportunity, be sure to visit this magnificent monument and experience the awe-inspiring beauty of Candi Borobudur.

Thank you all for reading this article. We hope you have enjoyed learning about Candi Borobudur, and make sure to check out our other interesting articles too. Goodbye for now!

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