A Journey through Time: Uncovering the History of Candi Borobudur

A Journey through Time: Uncovering the History of Candi Borobudur

Hello PikiranMedia’s Friends, if you ever plan a visit to Indonesia, there is one must-see destination you should not miss – Candi Borobudur. This ancient temple stands as a symbol of Indonesia’s rich cultural heritage and powerful history. In this article, we will take you on a journey through time, uncovering the history of Candi Borobudur.

The Birth of Candi Borobudur

Built-in the 8th century, Candi Borobudur is the world’s largest Buddhist temple located in central Java, Indonesia. The exact date it was built is still a mystery. Experts suggest that it might have been constructed between 750 AD and 850 AD in the reign of the Sailendra dynasty. The temple is designed on the concept of Mandala, with three main levels representing Buddhist cosmology.

Rediscovering the Lost Temple

During the 13th century, Java’s powerful empire faded, and Candi Borobudur was abandoned and forgotten for centuries. The temple was buried under volcanic ash, and it was rediscovered in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the then British Governor of Java. The restoration of the temple was initiated in 1907 and completed in 1983.

The Glory of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur boasts a fusion of ancient Indonesian art and Buddhist architecture, 1460 decorative panels, and over 500 Buddha statues. The temple is recognized as UNESCO World Heritage, and every year, thousands of tourists from different parts of the world visit the site.

The Meaning of Candi Borobudur’s Carvings

The temple’s carvings portray ancient Buddhist doctrines, including Karma (Law of action and consequence), Nirvana, and reincarnation. The detailed carvings also depict several Jataka stories, telling the story of the Buddha’s past lives, and the importance of compassion and mindfulness.

The Symbolism of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur’s architectural design represents the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana, a sacred journey towards enlightenment. The base of the temple signifies Kamadhatu, the world of desire and lust. The second level represents the world of form, Rupadhatu, and the third level, the world formlessness, Arupadhatu. The top of the temple is the pinnacle, the realm of Nirvana.

Candi Borobudur’s Unique Architecture

Each level of Candi Borobudur’s structure is decorated with fantastic and intricate lattice-like stupas. The temple’s architectural design incorporates Indonesian stone masonry and even Indian architecture, featuring the typical Buddhist design of a Stupa at the top. It is considered a masterpiece of stonemasonry in Indonesia.

The Great Stupa

Candi Borobudur is acclaimed for its Great Stupa, which is located in the center of the temple’s top platform. This Stupa is the largest of all, containing a small room that houses a statue of the Buddha. The structure of the Great Stupa is designed to symbolize the concept of the lotus, with its steps styled like the leaves of the lotus flower.

Giving a Life to Candi Borobudur’s Stones

Candi Borobudur’s restoration process was an ambitious and challenging project. The restoration was accomplished using traditional techniques with modern technology, conservation of the original stones, and employing Indonasian craftsmen. This dedicated effort has brought back the temple to its ancient grandeur.

Visiting Candi Borobudur Today

Candi Borobudur is accessible to visitors worldwide. Guided tours, audioguides, and private tours are available. Visitors have different options to explore the temple grounds, including sunrise or sunset tours, bike tours, or even horse riding. The site has modern facilities, including a museum that houses information on the temple’s history, artifacts, and ancient architectur.

The Future of Candi Borobudur

Candi Borobudur is a rare and precious heritage of the world. It is one of the most magnificent and robust cultural attractions, attracting millions of visitors annually. However, climate change and environmental factors pose a threat to the temple’s sustainability. Preservation and continuous conservation of the temple is a significant focus and challenge. Indonasian authorities and UNESCO have partnered to ensure that this unique historical site endures for many generations to come.


Candi Borobudur is a testament to the power of Indonesian history and the legend of the Buddhist faith. This remarkable site is a treasure worth exploring in-depth. We hope that our readers have enjoyed learning about the legendary Candi Borobudur and the temple’s fascinating history. Until we meet again in our next exciting article, Goodbye!

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